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SHALYA TANTRA

Department | Teaching Department | Shalya Tantra
Introduction :

Department of Shalya Tantra or Department of Surgery is one of the clinical departments that teaches and trains the students of 3rd year B.A.M.S.in old course and 4th year in new course. A surgeon is also a physician but a physician is rarely a surgeon. In this department the students learn about the basics of surgery and para-surgical aspects given in Ayurveda as well as in current system of medicine.
Shalyatantra is one of the distinct branches of Ashtang Ayurveda. Ayurvedic shalyatantra explains and demonstrates surgical knowledge and procedures that were performed and used since thousands of years and are useful even today.
Now a day’s world is turning to Ayurved for comprehensive treatment of diseases. Surgical knowledge and treatments of disease described in shalyatantra can be researched and used in diseases with minimum complications and side effects. Maintained its importance even today, wound healing has imfact gained more importance.
The scope of this department has reached into Orthopedics, Surgery and para-surgical techniques. The main focus of the department is to make the students aware of the fundamentals of surgical diseases, various disabilities and deformities, traumas, fractures, congenital and acquired illnesses etc.
The parallel running hospital along with the Ayurvedic medical college provides the basic surgical and all the life saving facility to the local area and the surrounding rural areas as well.
Significant surgeries like Herniorraphy, herniotomy, hernioplasty, appendectomy, cystolythotomy, hydrocele, torsion of testis, vericocele, DHS (Dynamic Hip Screw), closed reduction, open reduction, vasectomy, skin transplantations, uro surgeries are performed on regular basis in our hospital.
Modern plastic surgery is one of the specialties that has its origin in shalyatantra and it is documented in modern journals as well. The department has a distinction in regularly operations patients requiring reconstruction surgeries.
The approach of students is also shaped toward understanding the various modern tools and techniques of investigation and latest ultra-modern information regarding the general surgical procedures and also by minimal invasive techniques like laparoscopy, endoscopy, ERCP, cystoscopy etc.
The students are taught the strict discipline and management of operation theatre and trained through demonstration and carefully handling of human parts during operation.
Teaching and training of general surgery as well of ano-rectal surgeries constitutes the surgical discipline.
Ksharasutra (caustic cauterizes), agnikarma (thermo cautery), rakta mokshan (blood letting) are the outstanding parasurgical techniques practiced. The knowledge of ancient principles of longevity of Ayurveda in regard to surgical and para-surgical concept of diseases, their treatment and betterment of patients is also taught during the course.
We have a post graduation section in our department as well. We admit 6 postgraduate students for M.S. Shalya and Anushalya every year. Our faculty members see to it that the students are taught and trained properly to face the challenges of the world. More over the PG guides help the students to choose topics for their dissertation in such a way that those subjects contribute to the benefit of the hospital, college, society and the student as well.
We have a one year fellowship course in ksharsutra approved by Maharashtra University of Health Sciences. In this course students and practitioners from all over India participate. We have successfully managed 8 courses till today.
Our department of surgery is up to the mark to fulfill the teaching and training requirement for our student of final year of BAMS course and PG course. We have sufficient resources to complete the knowledge of our students. The surgical unit is fully equipped and is in a excellent clinical working condition. The operation theatres and wards are fully hygienic to manage all types of emergencies round the clock.
In this department student learns about :

  • The surgical aspect of the body both anatomically and pathphysiologically are taught. Significant surgeries like Hernioraphy, herniotomy, hernioplasty, appendectomy, cystolythotomy, hydrocele, torsion of testis, vericocele, DHS (Dynamic Hip Screw), closed reduction, open reduction, vasectomy, skin transplantations, graft uro surgeries and reconstruction surgeries and etc are taught both theoretically and practically.
  • Kshara Karma – Introduction, types, method of various preparations like Kshara, Kshara Varti, Kshara Pichu etc. and applications. Moreover method of preparation, Standardization and applications of Kshar is taught.
  • Agni Karma – Introduction, types and applications.
  • Raktamokshana – Introduction, types and applications.
  • Yantra and Shastra – Ancient and recent.
  • Concept of Trividha Karma – Purva, Pradhan and Paschat.
  • Ashtavidha Shastra Karmas
  • Basic knowledge of Sanghyaaharn – Anaesthesia, types, methods etc
The Department conducted two National Conferences, Update proctology in 2005 and and Anorectal disorders in 2010. Teachers, students and medical officers from all over the country participated. Moreover, the department organizes medical camps at periodical intervals to benefit the poor and the needy.
Objectives :

  • To create a Shlya chikitsaka with heart of Ayurveda and hands of Surgeon
  • Have the basic knowledge and surgical principles described in Shalya tantra by various Acharyas.
  • They will be able to diagnose and operate common surgical diseases according to Ayurveda and Modern medicine.
  • They will be able to perform any type of difficult surgery with full confidence and help the society.
  • They will be trained and acquire basic skills to perform various karmas like
    • Agnikarma
    • Rakta Mokshan
    • Ksharsutra
Postgraduate students after completion of course will acquire

  • Full knowledge of Shalyatantra, and modern surgery branch.
  • They will be able to diagnose surgical conditions and treat them according by selecting the most beneficial treatment protocol.
  • They will be able to work as specialist in the field of Shalyatantra and Modern surgery.
Fellowship course (Ksharsutra) student will be able to

  • Achieve comprehensive knowledge of anorectal anatomy, Pathophysiology.
  • Able to diagnose various anorectal conditions and treat them using ksharkarma and Ksharsutra procedures.
  • Will acquire the skills to prepare different types of Kshar and Ksharsutra.
Departmental Features :

All the staff is well experienced and specialized in surgical field. They very skillfully manage the 3rd year students, the PG students and the students of ksharsutra fellowship course.
We have well equipped departmental library which contains :

  • Numerous Ayurvedic and allopathic surgical textbooks, reference books
  • Audio visual cds for surgical procedures
  • Manniqquins dummies for basic trauma life support course and cardio pulmonary resuscitation
  • Museum which contains specimens of diseased organs from operation carried out in our hospital.
  • Models for suturing techniques, ksharsutra application, and ksharkarma for practical training.
  • Yogya, sangyaharan models and charts
Departmental activities :

  • On Saturday afternoon clinical case presentation is conducted by PG student.
  • Every Friday afternoon seminars on subject are organized.
  • In order to educate the UG and the PG students and to benefit the society Hernia surgery camp, piles surgery camp, hydrocele surgery, osteoarthritis, urinary stone camps are organized annually.
  • Allopathic surgeons in laparoscopy, endoscopy and coloscopy are invited for special lectures and demonstrations.
  • Renowned Ayurvedic surgeons are invited as guest lecture on varies Shalyatantra subjects.
DEPARTMENT – KSHARSUTRA
Teaching Faculties:
Sr.No Name of Faculty Designation Qualification

1.

Vd. Shrikant.V.Kashikar Professor, HOD& P.G. Director M.D. (Shalya)

2.

Vd. Yadav Sanjeev Rangrao Professor & Dean M.S. (Shalya)

3.

Vd. Dharne Vidya Dattatreya Reader M. S. (Shalya)

4.

Vd. Badole Shubhangi Prashant Reader M. D. (Shalya)

5.

Vd. Chavan Dnyaneshwar Dattarao Reader M. S. (Shalya)

6.

Vd. Tangade Varsha Ramrao Lecturer M. S. (Shalya)

7.

Vd.Salunkhe Sharadkumar Yashwantrao Lecturer M. S. (Shalya)